Spondylolisthesis Causes, Symptoms, Treatments and ICD 10

June 27, 2017

Spondylolisthesis happens when one bone in your back which is called as vertebra slides forward over the bone below it. This may lead to your nerve roots or spinal cord being squeezed. Spondylolisthesis is one of diseases that may cause no symptoms at all or no symptoms until several years later. You are highly suggested to know more about spondylolisthesis.

Spondylolisthesis ICD-10 diagnosis code is M43.16. This code is listed in the international diagnostic tool which is known as ICD-10. It stands for International Classification of Diseases Tenth Edition. This tool is used for many medical purposes. The spondylolisthesis ICD-10 code can be found in section M40-M43.

Causes of Spondylolisthesis

The causes of this disease vary based on a person’s age, heredity and lifestyle. The bones in a person’s spine come together at several small joints. Logically, spondylolisthesis may be caused by any problem with the small joints such as:

  • A joint problem that is caused by an infection or arthritis.
  • A joint problem that is caused by an accident or other trauma.
  • A defective joint that a person’s had since birth.
  • A vertebrata with a stress fracture.
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In addition, playing a number of sports may also cause stress on your lower back especially:

  • Football
  • Track and field
  • Gymnastics
  • Weightlifting

Symptoms of Spondylolisthesis

Alike the causes, the symptoms also vary. A person with mild cases may not have any symptoms but the other one with severe cases may get trouble to perform daily activities. The common symptoms are:

  • Back pain or buttock pain.
  • Stiffness in your back and legs.
  • Numbness or weakness in one or even both legs.
  • Difficulty walking.
  • A worse pain in leg, back, or buttock when you bend over or twist.
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control (in rare cases)
  • Thigh pain

Treatments for Spondylolisthesis

As we know that several sports may cause spondylolisthesis, it is important to avoid contact sports during the healing process. Common treatments that a person with spondylolisthesis will have are:

  • Wearing a back brace
  • Doing some physical therapy exercises
  • Using epidural steroid injections
  • Taking prescription anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen to reduce pain.
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Remember to take action if you feel any symptoms of spondylolisthesis. The complication of spondylolisthesis is kyphosis. Kyphosis, also called roundback, is a complication which the upper portion of the spine falls off.

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