First Aid for People with Respiratory Distress
Simply, the respiratory distress is difficulty in breathing. It is a severe lung condition that occurs when fluid fills up the air sacs in the lungs. Having too much fluid in the lungs may lower the amount of oxygen that your organs need to function. This syndrome commonly affects people who are very ill.
ICD-10 code for respiratory distress is J80. ICD-10 which stands for International Classification of Diseases Tenth Edition is the standard diagnostic tool published by WHO. This tool defines the universe of diseases, disorders, injuries, and other health conditions as well as respiratory distress. The ICD-10 code for respiratory distress can be found in Section J80-J84.
People with respiratory distress may suddenly fight to breathe and it is absolutely a frightening situation. They need to be given the first aid. Firstly, you have to know well about the signs to define whether it is respiratory distress or another condition. Some common signs include:
- Increased breathing rate
- Bluish around the mouth
- Grunting sound upon exhalation
- Wheezing sounds that denotes tighter air passages
- Chest retractions
- Sweating on the head
- Clammy skin
After you are sure that the person is fighting with the respiratory distress, do some steps below.
- You have to realize that the person with respiratory distress needs the medical assistance. So, call for emergency medical assistance immediately.
- While waiting for the medical assistance, check for the casualty’s pulse, airway and breathing. Check the pulse by simply place two of your fingers on the groove of the neck. Place two fingers on the forehead and two fingers on the chin and slightly tilt the head in order to check the airway obstruction. Then, to check the breathing, you have to place own cheek in between the nose and mouth of the casualty. Fell for breathing on the cheek. Watch the person’s rise and fall of the chest also.
- The person with respiratory distress may have no breathing. If it is happening, try to give mouth-to-mouth breathing. Perform CPR if necessary.
In addition, you also need to calm the patient as good as you can. Tell him/her that you are there to help. Do not leave the person alone until the professional help arrives. It is so scary for them to fight alone with this serious health condition. If you are unsure to do so much first aid, do the best that you can do like calling for the professional help and stay with the victim. People with respiratory distress need your help.