Causes, Symptoms, Prevention And icd 10 code of Angina
Angina is known more like a symptom of coronary artery disease or heart disease. Angina is a chest pain. Angina happens when you feel pain, discomfort or tightness that occurs in your chest. It is happening when there is not enough blood flow to your heart muscle.
This disease definitely listed in the International Classification of Disease, tenth version (ICD-10). This system includes some codes to diagnose some disease. ICD-10 code for angina is I20.9. This ICD-10 code for angina comes from some code classification such as diseases of the circulatory (I00-I99), ischemic heart diseases (I20-I25), and angina pectoris (I20). Angina pectoris has some synonyms in ICD-10 such as angina, stable angina, and ischemic chest pain.
Causes of Angina
Back to the forward, angina is more like a symptom of a danger disease called coronary heart disease. Well, of course that the cause of angina is coronary heart disease. It happens because narrowed of the arteries that supply your heart muscle with blood and oxygen. The blood supply to your heart is restricted. Angina symptoms are often happens by physical activity, cold weather, an emotional upset or after a meal.
Symptoms of Angina
The common and early symptoms that can happen are squeezing, heaviness, tightness, pressure, burning and aching across the chest (starting behind the breastbone).
This pain can be worse and spread to some other part of your body such as jaw, shoulders, neck, arms, throat, and back. Some other patient may also complain about indigestion, heartburn, weakness, nausea, sweating, shortness of breath and cramping.
Things to do When You Get Chest Pain
If you have been diagnosed to be a patient of angina, you can take these steps:
- Stop everything that you are doing. Just sit down and rest.
- If you have been diagnosed, take you GTN spray and tablets according to your doctor. The pain will ease soon but it does not, take a second dose.
- If the pain does not ease, call 999 as soon as you can.
The Ways to Prevent Angina
Some bad habit can cause the narrowing of your arteries. Prevent that by doing some things such as follow:
- Stop smoking habit
- Control your heart blood pressure
- Active physically
- Achieve and maintain a standard weight
- Reduce your cholesterol level
- Do a healthy lifestyle (eat healthy food, exercise, balance diet)
- If you have diabetes, you should control your blood glucose
That is all about the causes, symptoms and prevention of angina. I hope it can be a good source for you.